‘ĀINA KOA PONO – FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS
- What is biomass?
Biomass is any carbon-based organic material comprised of large complex hydrocarbon molecules and generally exists as a solid at normal temperatures and pressures–typical examples include green material such as lumber, grasses, bushes, plastics, synthetic and natural fabrics like nylon, polyester, cotton, paper and cardboard, food waste, and tires. AKP’s proposes to process many different types of biomass, likely beginning with invasive species in the area.
- What technology will be used for producing biofuel?
AKP will be using an established technology called Microwave Catalytic Depolymerization (Micro Dee). This technology applies heat and pressure to organic material to produce biofuel and biochar. Micro Dee breaks down lignin and cellulosic molecules into shorter chain hydrocarbons that exist in the liquid fuel range, thereby generating synthetic crude oil that can be easily refined to useable fuels using traditional processing technologies. In a nutshell, the Micro Dee process accelerates the natural decomposition and metamorphosis of biomass to crude oil to 50 minutes. AKP will produce a renewable synthetic fuel or “drop-in” fuel with the same properties as fossil fuel. “Drop-in” fuel is biofuel that can literally be “dropped into” the fuel bank without further processing. It can be used for electricity generation as well as all forms of ground, marine and air transportation.
- Is Micro Dee a proven technology?
Yes. AKP’s engineering, procurement and construction management partner, AECOM Technology Corporation, has completed testing on AKP’s processing technology at a demonstration facility in North Carolina. Test results have met or exceeded projections, and AECOM has determined the Micro Dee process, now a second generation technology, to be optimal for renewable liquid fuel production.